1. Introduction; 2. Words, sentences and dictionaries; 3. A Word and its parts: roots, affixes and their shapes; 4. A word and its forms: inflection; 5. A word and its relatives: derivation; 6. Compound words, blend and phrasal words; 7. A word and its structure; 8. Productivity; 9. The historical sources of English word formation; 10. Conclusion: words in English and in languages generally.
Zawiera: Introduction. 01.Country and people: Geographically speaking; Politically speaking; The four nations; The dominance of England; National loyalties. 02. History: Prehistory; The Roman period (43-410); The German invasions (410-1066); The medieval period (1066-1458); The sixteenth century; The seventeenth century; The eighteenth century; The nineteenth century; The twentieth century. 03. Geography: Climate; Land and settlement; The environment and pollution; London; Southern England; The Midlands of England; The Northern England; Scotland; Wales; Northern Ireland. 04. Identity: Ethnic identity: the four nations; Other ethnic identities; The family; Geographical identity; Class; Men and women; Social and everyday contracts; Religion and politics; Identity in Northern Ireland, Being British, Personal Identity: a sense of humour. 05. Attitudes: Stereotypes and change; English versus British; Multicultural socjety; Conservatism; Being different; Love of nature; Love of animals; Public-spiritedness and amateurism; Formality and informality; Privacy and sex. 06. Political life: The public attitude to politics; The style of democracy; The constitution; The style of politics; The party system; The modern situation. 07. The monarchy: The appearance; The reality; The role of the monarch; The value of the monarchy; The future of the monarchy. 08. The government: The cabinet; The Prime Minister; The civil service; Local government. 09. Parliament: The atmosphere of Parliament; An MP’s life; Parliamentary business; The party system in Parliament; The House of Lords. 10. Elections: The system; Formal arrangements; The campaign; Polling day and election night; Recent results and the future; Modern issues. 11. The law: The police and the public; Crime and criminal procedure, The system of justice, The legal profession. 12. International relations: British people and the rest of the world; The British state and the rest of the world; Transatlantic relations; European relations; relations inside Great Britain; Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 13. Religion: Politics; Anglicanism; Catholicism; Other conventional Christian churches; Other religions, churches, and religious movements. 14. Education: Historical background; Modern times: the education debates; Style; School life; Public exams; Education beyond sixteen. 15. The economy and everyday life: Earning money: working life; Work organizations; Public and private industry; The distribution of wealth; Using money: finance and investment; Spending money: shopping; Shop opening hours. 16. The media: The importance of the national press; The two types of national newspaper; The characteristics of the national press: politics; The characteristics of the national press: sex and scandal; The BBC; Television: organisation; Television: style. 17. Transport: On the road; Public transport in towns and cities; Public transport between towns and cities; The channel tunnel; Air and water. 18. Welfare: The benefits system; Social services and charities; The National Health Service; The medical profession. 19. Housing: Houses, not flats; Private property and public property; The importance of ‘home’; Individuality and conformity; Interiors: the importance of cosiness; Owning and renting; Homelessness; The future. 20. Food and drink: Eating habits and attitudes; Eating out; Alcohol; Pubs. 21. Sport and competition: A national passion; The social importance of sport; Cricket; Football; Rugby; Animals in sport; Other sports; Gambling. 22. The arts: The arts in socjety; The characteristics of British arts and letters; Theatre and Cinema; Music; Words; The fine arts. 23. Holiday and special occasions: traditional seaside holidays; Modern holidays; Christmas; New Year; Other notable annual occasions.
1.Country and people, 2. History, 3. Geography, 4. Identity, 5. Attitudes, 6. Political life, 7. The monarchy, 8. The government, 9. Parliament, 10. Elections, 11. The law, 12. International relations, 13. Religion, 14. Education, 15. The economy and everyday life, 16. The media, 17. Transport, 18. Welfare, 19. Housing, 20. Food and drink, 21. Sport and competition, 22. The arts, 23. Holiday and special occasions
1. Introduction. 2. The production of speech sounds. 3. Long vowels, diphtongs and tripthongs. 4. Voicing and consonants. 5. Phonemes and symbols. 6. Fricatives and affricates. 7. Nasals and other consonants. 8. The syllable. 9. Strong and weak syllables. 10. Stress in simple words. 11. Complex word stress. 12. Weak forms. 13. Problems in phonemic analysis. 14. Aspects of connected speech. 15. Intonation 1. 16. Intonation 2. 17. Intonation 3. 18. Functions of intonation 1. 19. Functions of intonation 2. 20 Varietes of English pronounciation.
1. Intoduction, 2. Polglish, 3. Transcription, 4. Organs of speech, 5. Sound classification, 6. English consonants, 7. English vowels and diphthongs, 8. English syllablas, 9. English word-stress, 10. English connected speech
1. Speech sounds and thier production, 2. Towards a sound system for English: consonant phonemes, 3. Some vowel systems od English, 4. Phonological features, part 1: the classification of english vowel phonemes, 5. Phonological features, part 2: the consonant system, 6. Syllabies, 7. Word stress, 8. Phonetic representations: the realisations od phonemes, 9. Phrases, sentences and tje phonology of connected speech, 10. Representations and derivations
1. language and language studies; 2. Sounds: A cross-language perspective; 3. Words; 4. Sentences- Transformational- generative grammar; 5. Text; 6. Meaning; 7. From syntax-based to meaning-based linguistics; 8. Speech acts: theory and applications; 9. Text, discourse, function: further ways into pragmatics; 10. Language and society; 11. Languages in contact; 12. Language, biology and psychology; 13. Language change and language types; 14. Contrastive language studies; 15. First language acquisition; 16. Becoming literate; 17. Second language acquisition and foreign language learning; 18. E-lerning; 19. Assessment, evaluation and testing; 20. Linguistics and literature; 21. Computational and corpus linguistics; 22. The scope and methods of language study.
1.Sounds and segments, 2. The melody and the skeleton, 3. Domains and phonological regularities, 4. The syllable, 5. More on codas, 6. Some segmental regularities, 7. Syllable structure and phonological effects: quanity in Icelandic, 8. Segmental double agents, 9. Words and feet: stress in Munster Irish
1. Language, Learning, and Teaching, 2. First Language Acquisition, 3. Age and Acquisition, 4. Human Learning, 5. Styles and Strategies, 6. Personality Factors, 7. Sociocultural Factors, 8. Communicative Competence, 9. Cross-Linguistic Influence and learner Language, 10. Toward a Theory od Second language Acquisition
Zawiera: The Environment and Scope of EIB: 1. EFL, ESP and EIB - 1; 2. EFL, ESP and EIB - 2; 3. The EIB Environment; 4. The Intercultural Scope - 1; 5. The Intercultural Scope - 2; 6. Culture and the Classroom - 1; 7. Culture and the Classroom - 2; 8. Management of Programmes; 9. Marketing the EIB Product; 10. Language, Communication and Culture. Needs, Materials and Course Design: 1. Course Design - 1; Course Design - 2 Needs Analysis; 3. Course Design - 3 Putting it all together; 4. Materials for EIB. Methodology and Classroom Practice: 1. What is Appropriate Methodology; 2. Method, Postmethod of Pragmatism; 3. Teaching by Principles; 4. Balancing Techniques and Teacher Roles; 5. Lesson Planning; 6. Using Simulations and Case Studies; 7. Business Communication Skills; 8. Teaching One-to-One; 9. Learning and Learning Styles; 10. Evaluation and Assessment. Language, Communication and Culture: 1. Language Analysis - Introduction; 2. Language Analysis - Discourse; 3. Language Analysis - Conversation; 4. Language Analysis - Genre; 5. Culture and Business Communication - 1; 6. Culture and Business Communication - 2; 7. Culture and Business Communication - 3; 8. Non-verbal Communication (NVC); 9. Culture and Relationships; 10. Communication in a Virtual World.