1. Introduction. 2. The production of speech sounds. 3. Long vowels, diphtongs and tripthongs. 4. Voicing and consonants. 5. Phonemes and symbols. 6. Fricatives and affricates. 7. Nasals and other consonants. 8. The syllable. 9. Strong and weak syllables. 10. Stress in simple words. 11. Complex word stress. 12. Weak forms. 13. Problems in phonemic analysis. 14. Aspects of connected speech. 15. Intonation 1. 16. Intonation 2. 17. Intonation 3. 18. Functions of intonation 1. 19. Functions of intonation 2. 20 Varietes of English pronounciation.
1. Speech sounds and thier production, 2. Towards a sound system for English: consonant phonemes, 3. Some vowel systems od English, 4. Phonological features, part 1: the classification of english vowel phonemes, 5. Phonological features, part 2: the consonant system, 6. Syllabies, 7. Word stress, 8. Phonetic representations: the realisations od phonemes, 9. Phrases, sentences and tje phonology of connected speech, 10. Representations and derivations
Zawiera: Part I Transnational perspectives: The United Nations Security Council, terrorism and the rule of law; The impossibility of global anti-terrorism law?; Transplantation. Part II Cross-cutting themes: The criminal law and its less restrained alternatives; Anti-terrorism laws: balancing national security and a fair hearing; Legislating anti-terrorism: observations on form and process; The financial war on terrorism; Our responsibility to respect the rights of others: legality and humanity; “Prevent” responses to jihadi extremism. Part III Anti-terrorism law and policy in Asia: Singapore’s anti-terrorism laws: reality and rhetoric; Anti-terrorism efforts in Indonesia; The Human Security Act and IHL Law of the Philippines: of security and insecurity; Responses to terrorism in China; Security laws for Hong Kong; Japan’s response to terrorism post-9/11; Mapping anti-terror legal regimes in India. Part IV Anti-terrorism law and policy in the West: The United States a decade after 9/11; UK counter-terror law post-9/11: initial acceptance of extraordinary measures and the partial return to human rights norms; Canada’s response to terrorism; Anti-terror legislation in Australia and New Zealand. Part V Anti-terrorism measures in the Middle East and Africa: Terrorism and governance in South Africa and Eastern Africa; Israel’s anti-terrorism law: past, present and future; Rocks, hard places and human rights: anti-terrorism law and policy in Arab states.
1.Dutch speakers; 2. Speakers of Scandinavian languages; 3. German speakers; 4. French speakers; 5. Italian speaker; 6. Speakers of Spanish and Catalan; 7. Portuguese speakers; 8. Greek speakers; 9. Russian speakers; 10. Polish speakers; 11. Farsi speakers; 12. Arabic speakers; 13. Turkish speakers; 14. Speakers of South Asian languages; 15. Spearks of Dravidian languages; 16. Speakers of West African languages; 17. Swahili speakers; 18. Malay/Indonesian speakers; 19. Japanese speakers; 20. Chinese speakers; 21. Korean speakers; 22. Thai speakers.
1.Sounds and segments, 2. The melody and the skeleton, 3. Domains and phonological regularities, 4. The syllable, 5. More on codas, 6. Some segmental regularities, 7. Syllable structure and phonological effects: quanity in Icelandic, 8. Segmental double agents, 9. Words and feet: stress in Munster Irish
1. The origins of language, 2. Animals and human language, 3. The development of Whiting, 4. The sounds of language, 5. The sound patterns of language, 6. Words and Word-formations processes, 7. Morphology, 8. Phrases and sentences: grammar, 9. Syntax, 10. Semantics, 11. Pragmatics, 12. Discourse analysis, 13. Language and the brain, 14. First language acquisition, 15. Second language acquisition/learning, 16. Gestures and sign languages, 17. Language history and change, 18. Language and regional variation, 19. Language and social variation, 20. Language and culture
Zawiera: Part I Surveillance Techniques and Technologies: NSA Surveillance in the War on Terror; Location Tracking; Terrorist Watchlists; "Incidental" Foreign Intelligence Surveillance and the Fourth Amendment; Biometric Surveillance and Big Data Governance; Fusion Centers; Big Data Surveillance: The Convergence of Big Data andLaw Enforcement; The Internet of Things and Self-Surveillance Systems. Part II Surveillance Applications: Balancing Privacy and Public Safety in the Post-Snowden Er; Obama's Mixed Legacy on Cybersecurity, Surveillance, andSurveillance Reform; Local Law Enforcement Video Surveillance: Rules, Technology,and Legal Implications; The Surveillance Implications of Efforts to Combat Cyber Harassment; The Case for Surveillance; "Going Dark": Encryption, Privacy, Liberty, and Security in the"Golden Age of Surveillance"; Business Responses to Surveillance. Part III Impacts of Surveillance: Seeing, Seizing, and Searching Like a State: Constitutional Developmentsfrom the Seventeenth Century to the End of the Nineteenth Century; An Eerie Feeling of Deja Vu: From Soviet Snitches to Angry Bird; The Impact of Online Surveillance on Behavior; Surveillance versus Privacy: Effects and Implications; Intellectual and Social Freedom; The Surveillance Regulation Toolkit: Thinking beyond Probable Cause; European Human Rights, Criminal Surveillance, and IntelligenceSurveillance: Towards "Good Enough" Oversight, Preferably but NotNecessarily by Judge; Lessons from the History of National Security Surveillance. Part IV Regulation of Surveillance: Regulating Surveillance through Litigation: Some Thoughts fromthe Trenches; Legislative Regulation of Government Surveillance; California's Electronic Communications Privacy Act (CalECPA):A Case Study in Legislative Regulation of Surveillance; Surveillance in the European Union; Mutual Legal Assistance in the Digital Ag; The Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board; FTC Regulation of Cybersecurity and Surveillance; The Federal Communications Commission as Privacy Regulator.
1. Introdution , 2. Three views of sound change , 3. Sound change 2 : the implementation problem , 4. Morphological change , 5. Syntatctic change 1: the Transparency Principle , 6. Word order change and grammaticalisation : language change and general laws , 7. Semantic and lexical change , 8. Language contact , 9. Linguistic variation , 10. Pidgins and creoles , 11. Language death , 12. Linguistic evolution ?